Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
"It is our sincere wish that Armenia will hold the hand of peace extended by Türkiye and Azerbaijan...Following a 44-day conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia in September 2020, Baku liberated numerous cities, villages and settlements in Karabakh from Armenian occupation, ending in a Moscow-brokered truce.
Following a 44-day conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia in September 2020, Baku liberated numerous cities, villages and settlements in Karabakh from Armenian occupation, ending in a Moscow-brokered truce. Since then, Azerbaijan has focused on ...
... Mirzoyan said Thursday during an OSCE Ministerial Meeting being held in the Polish city of Łódź. Among other topics, Mirzoyan referred to the provocative and aggressive actions carried out by Azerbaijan against the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh in March and August of this year.
Armenia and Azerbaijan are post-Soviet republics in South Caucasus, with a profoundly complicated relationship ... Azerbaijan made it clear that it wants the entire Artsakh and Armenia ... On July 29 and July 31, Azerbaijan again violated the ceasefire ... On September 13, 2022, Azerbaijan launched a war on Armenia by attacking Armenian cities.
He recalled that under the 1991 declaration Karabakh is unequivocally recognized as Azerbaijan's territory ... New clashes erupted in September 2020 and a 44-day conflict saw Azerbaijan liberate several cities and over 300 settlements and villages that were occupied by Armenia for almost 30 years.
Iranian activists reported that 27-year-old Mehran Samak was killed in the early hours of Wednesday in the Caspian port city of Bandar Anzali, in a street where drivers were honking their horns in celebration of Iran’s loss ...Fireworks were lit in Saqez, the hometown of Amini, and other cities in Kurdistan province.