Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), a self-governing enclave in the South Caucasus, remains under total blockade by Azerbaijan... But Azerbaijan has not heeded demands from the UN, US, or Europe to end its blockade ... Azerbaijan has already ethnically cleansed Armenians from every city that has fallen under its authority and control.
Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov and his Russian... In the fall of 2020, in 44 days of clashes, Azerbaijan liberated several cities, villages and settlements from Armenian occupation. The Russian-brokered peace agreement is celebrated as a triumph in Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan said Tuesday that ... Azerbaijan liberated several cities, villages and settlements from Armenian occupation in the fall of 2020 during 44 days of fighting. A Russian-brokered peace agreement is celebrated as a triumph in Azerbaijan..
this earthquake with a magnitude of 5.9 occurred in the city of Khoy, which was felt in the cities of Tabriz and Urmia, and even in Iraq, Azerbaijan and Turkey; a few minutes later [it became clear] fortunately, no one died, but some citizens were injured…by the early hours.
Iran’s Parliament speaker has warned the Republic of Azerbaijan against making any emotional decisions following a recent attack on the country’s embassy in Tehran... On Friday, an assailant entered Azerbaijan's embassy in Tehran holding a firearm and started shooting ... Iran FM says personal motives, not terrorism, behind Azerbaijan embassy attack.