Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Armenia’s Foreign Ministry has already issued a statement strongly condemning the joint visit of the presidents of Turkey and Azerbaijan to the currently occupied city of Shushi in the Republic of Artsakh, and described the visit as an outright provocation against regional peace and security.
Baku handed over the bodies to Yerevan in line with the trilateral peace agreement signed by Azerbaijan, Russia, and Armenia on November 10, 2020 ... Before the signing of the agreement, Azerbaijan had liberated around 300 city centres, settlements and villages, including historic Shusha city.
Azerbaijan's overall score is 72.41 out of 100... Azerbaijan is also moderately improving on ''good health and well-being'', ''affordable and clean energy'', sustainable cities and communities'', 'climate action'', 'peace justice and strong institutions'', and ''partnership for the goals'' SDGs, said the report.
Budapest is the only one of the 11 host cities to allow full-capacity crowds and Hungary one of only three countries – Russia and Azerbaijan are the others – to make quarantine exemptions for visiting fans ... city leaping back into normality or with the feel of a football festival.
Turkey is pleased to see the city of Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh as the cultural capital of Azerbaijan this year, as the cultural capital of the Turkic world next year, he added ... During that time, Azerbaijan liberated several strategic cities and nearly 300 of its settlements and villages from Armenian occupation.
The two presidents first visited Fuzuli, the capital city of one of the territories that Azerbaijan retook during the war. Aliyev formally greeted Erdogan and then accompanied him to Shusha, the city Azerbaijan considers its cultural capital of the region and which has been the focus of its reconstruction efforts in Karabakh so far.
In one of the city’s most prominent hotels, where many of the Wales fans are staying, a Turkey flag sits next to an Azerbaijan flag behind the bar ... In the city centre there are now almost as many Turkish banners as Azerbaijani, while combined Turkey-Azerbaijan merchandise has gone on sale in the streets.
''Those who for 30 years did not want to see the destruction of the Karabakh region and the occupied Azerbaijani lands, who tried to impede the struggle of Azerbaijan for freedom, let them come and see Fuzuli, Karabakh region,” the president said ... greeting to this city."